MFFP - Sport fishing in Québec including salmon fishing - Main rules
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Sport fishing in Québec including salmon fishing
Main rules - Season 2018-2020
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Bait fish and other bait

In Québec, different types of bait can be placed on a hook and used to attempt to catch fish. This section deals with bait composed of fish, frogs, leeches and earthworms.

Bait fish

The term “bait fish” includes fish, molluscs, crustaceans (e.g. shrimp, crayfish), marine animals and the parts, eggs, sperm, roe, spawn, larvae, spat or offspring of such animals intended for use as fishing bait.

During the periods and at the places shown, the possession or use of dead freshwater fish species from Québec as fishing bait is permitted, EXCEPT FOR the following species:

Bass
Blueback herring
Brown bullhead
Channel catfish
Channel darter
Chinese mitten crab
Crucian carp
Lamprey
Panfish
Pike
Redhorse
Round goby
Rusty crayfish
Sturgeon
Stone moroko
Walleye
White perch

Bowfin
Burbot
Char
Freshwater drum
Goldeye
Lake Trout
Longnose gar
Mooneye
Muskellunge
Rudd
Salmon
Tench
Trout
Yabby
Yellow perch

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2018-2020 (including salmon fishing)

Use of the following as bait fish is also prohibited:

Frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait

The use of frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait is permitted unless otherwise indicated.

The restrictions on bait fish do not apply to the use of frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait.

When capturing frogs, you must comply with the applicable rules governing frog hunting. A frog hunting licence allows the holder to hunt Northern leopard frogs, green frogs and bullfrogs from July 15 to November 15, with no bag limit. Frog hunting is prohibited in zones 17, 19 North and 22 to 24, and in wildlife reserves and territories in which all hunting is prohibited.

Special rules apply to the keeping of frogs in captivity. Please contact an MFFP office for further information.

Possession and use of bait fish: authorized places and periods

Since from April 1, 2017, the possession and use of LIVE bait fish is prohibited in Québec.

The possession and use of DEAD bait fish is permitted, but only in certain zones during winter fishing periods for freshwater, anadromous or catadromous species.

Possession of bait fish for use in zones 7 and 21

During the periods when the use of bait fish is permitted in zones 7 and 21, you may have dead bait fish in your possession between the portions of highways 20 and 40, route 132 (except for the stretch located between Sainte-Flavie and Matapédia) and route 138, located in zones 1, 2, 3, 18, 19 and 27, with a view to using them in zones 7 and 21.

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2018-2020 (including salmon fishing)

DEAD bait fish (including dead shrimp, dead smelt and other dead bait fish)

All species, EXCEPT prohibited species, whether whole or cut up

Location Period where use or possession
are permitted

Zone 4

  • except lac à la Truite (Ham sud)

Zone 5
Zone 6

  • except lac Hatley
  • except lac Cristal
  • except Petit lac Baldwin

Zone 7
Zone 8
Zone 9
Zone 10

  • except Papineau-Labelle wildlife reserve

Zone 11
Zone 25

 December 20 to March 31

Zone 12
Zone 13 except:

  • except national park d'Aiguebelle
  • except Zec Dumoine
  • except Zec Maganasipi
  • except lac Ab-Rono
  • except lac Florentien
  • except lac sans nom (47°53’14’’ N., 78°10’21’’ O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°52’58’’ N., 78°10’52’’ O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°54’18” N., 78°09’59’’ O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°54’08” N., 78°09’37” O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°53’16” N., 78°09’57” O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°52’51” N., 78°10’41” O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°53’16” N., 78°10’41” O.)
  • except lac sans nom (47°53’26” N., 78°10’31” O.)

Zone 14

  • except réservoir Gouin communal wildlife area

December 1st to April 15

Zone 16

From December 1, 2017 to April 26, 2018
From December 1, 2018 to April 25, 2019
From December 1, 2019 to April 23, 2020

Zone 21 for possession, and the portion located east of Rivière Saguenay and less than 1 kilometer from zones 18, 19 and 20, and the islands and islets located in these zones, for use.

From December 1 to April 15

Zone 21 for possession, and the portion located east of Rivière Saguenay and situated 1 kilometer or more from zones 18, 19 and 20, and the islands and islets situated in these three zones, as well as the portion of zone 21 located west of Rivière Saguenay, including the portion up to the Dubuc bridge, for use.

From December 20 to March 31

Dead shrimp as the only bait fish allowed

Location
Period where use or possession
are permitted

Zone 1, for possession and only in the waters of Rivière Bonaventure and York, for use.

From December 20 to March 31 for smelt fishing only
Zone 27, for possession and the portion of Rivière Sainte-Anne between the upstream side of the route 363 bridge and the downstream side of the route 138 bridge, for use.
From December 20 to March 31 for Atlantic tomcod fishing only
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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2018-2020 (including salmon fishing)

Dead smelt as the only bait fish allowed

Location
Period where use or possession
are permitted

Zone 17

From December 1, 2017 to April 26, 2018
From December 1, 2018 to April 25, 2019
From December 1, 2019 to April 23, 2020

Zone 28, for possession, and only in the following waters for use:

  • lac Bilodeau (48°43'46'' N., 71°12'50'' O.)
  • lac Bouchette (48°14’32’’ N., 72°12’21’’ O.)
  • lac Creux (48°42'59'' N., 71°12'55'' O.)
  • lac à la Croix (48°23’48’’ N., 71°46’35’’ O.)
  • lac des Commissaires (48°11’14’’ N., 72°15’51’’ O.)
  • lac des Coudes (49°03’35’’ N., 72°37’45’’ O.)
  • lac Gronick (49°06’24’’ N., 72°59’17’’ O.)
  • lac des Habitants (48°47’50’’ N., 72°24’50’’ O.)
  • lac à Jim (49°01’29’’ N., 72°53’02’’ O.)
  • lac Kénogami (48°19’36’’ N., 71°22’36’’ O.)
  • lac Kénogamichiche (48°22’05’’ N., 71°36’05’’ O.)
  • lac Labonté (48°35’28’’ N., 71°26’44’’ O.)
  • lac Labrecque (48°40’52’’ N., 71°29’39’’ O.)
  • lac La Mothe (48°47’03’’ N., 71°09’17’’ O.)
  • lac Montréal (49°04’22’’ N., 72°54’44’’ O.)
  • lac Ouiatchouan (48°16’22’’ N., 72°11’02’’ O.)
  • lac aux Rats (zec de la Rivière-aux-Rats)
  • lac Rond (48°22’35’’ N., 72°20’00’’ O.)
  • Lac Saint-Jean, the waters surrounded by routes 169, 170 and 373, but excluding, in Alma, the portions of La Grande Décharge (downstream of the Isle Maligne dam and the Lac Saint-Jean water retention structures) and Rivière Petite Décharge (the portion situated between its mouth in the Saguenay and the Lac Saint-Jean water retention structures)
  • lac Sébastien (48°39’29’’N., 71°10’03’’ O.)
  • lac Tchitogama (48°49’58’’N., 71°24’00’’ O.)
  • lac Vert (48°21’57’’N., 71°38’42’’ O.)
  • rivière Mistassibi between route 169 and the lac au Foin
  • rivière Péribonka, between Chute-à-la-Savane and the latitude 49° N.
  • Rivière Saguenay, between the portion downstream of the Isle Maligne dam and the Lac Saint-Jean water retention structures (Grande Décharge and Rivière Petite Décharge), in Alma, and a line perpendicular at the rivière Saguenay pass ing through the most upstream end of the Chute-à-Caron dam on the south shore of the rivière Saguenay (48°27 N., 71°15' O.)
From December 1st to April 15

Importing bait fish

Importing of live or dead bait fish is prohibited.

Tackle for fishing bait fish

Bait traps or lift nets must be used to fish for bait fish. The specific conditions for the use of these devices can be found in the section entitled “Fishing for bait fish”.

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2018-2020 (including salmon fishing)

See also


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