This publication presents the main rules governing fishing, including rules respecting Atlantic salmon fishing, in force from April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2020. It is also available in electronic form on the Department website. The rules apply solely to sportfishing for freshwater fish and anadromous and catadromous species in Québec waters (with or without tide).
The information presented in this publication does not replace the official texts of legislation and regulations. Moreover, the Department may intervene during the season to close water bodies to avoid overfishing of species, modify catch limits according to upstream salmon migrations or locally open water bodies to winter fishing. To obtain information on such changes, please consult the “ News” section of the Department website or contact the department’s regional office.
Furthermore, the rules governing fishing may have been modified in a given zone following the conclusion of an agreement between the Québec government and an Aboriginal nation or between the minister responsible and an Aboriginal nation or a band council. Indeed, in its resolutions of March 20, 1985 and May 31, 1989, the National Assembly formally recognized Québec’s 11 Aboriginal nations and their specific rights within the framework of the legislation in force. The Québec government opted to negotiate with the Aboriginal nations in order to conclude agreements to better define and clarify the exercising of their activities. This approach hinges at once on the historic legitimacy and importance for Québec society of establishing with the Aboriginal peoples harmonious relations centred on mutual respect and trust. To obtain additional information on possible modifications, please contact customer service or the Department office in the region concerned.
Québec is divided in 29 fishing zones that take into account the distribution of species. Maps illustrate each of the zones. Anglers must abide by the fishing rules that apply in the zones and the requirements pertaining to the territory in which they wish to fish.
This publication covers sportfishing for freshwater fish and anadromous
and catadromous species in Québec waters (with or without tide). It also
deals with salmon fishing in salmon rivers and fishing for any other fish
species in the rivers.
For information on recreational fishing for saltwater species such as capelin, cod, and so on, please consult the Fisheries and Oceans Canada website or call 418-648-2239.