MFFP - Sport Hunting - Main rules 2018-2020 - Autorized arms and ammunitions
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Sport Hunting in Québec
Main Rules April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2020
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Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules

Authorized arms and ammunitions

Big game

Hunting implement Moose White-tailed deer, 
black bear
Rifles Rifles of a calibre equal to or greater than 6 mm (.243) used with centre-fire cartridges

Rifles of a calibre equal to or greater than 6 mm (.243) used with centre-fire cartridges
Shotguns 10 or 12-gauge shotguns used with slug cartridges 10, 12, 16 or 20-gauge shotguns used with shells loaded with slugs or shot of a diameter equal to or greater than 7.6 mm (1 Buck or SG or .30)
Black powder and modern powder firearm
Note A Note B
Muzzle-loading or breech-loading rifles and shotguns, without a casing, of a gauge or calibre equal to or greater than 12.7 mm (.50), used with a single bullet Muzzle-loading or breech-loading rifles and shotguns, without a casing, of a gauge or calibre equal to or greater than 11 mm (.45) used with slugs or shot equal to or greater than 7.6 mm in diameter (1 Buck or SG or .30)
Bows Bows with a torque of at least 18 kg (40 lb.) within a draw of 0 to 71 cm (28 in.)
Bows with a torque of at least 18 kg (40 lb.) within a draw of 0 to 71 cm (28 in.)
Crossbows
Note C
Crossbows with a torque of at least 54 kg (120 lb.) and equipped with a safety catch The bolt must have a length of at least 40 cm (16 in.), including the tip
Crossbows with a torque of at least 54 kg (120 lb.) and equipped with a safety catch The bolt must have a length of at least 40 cm (16 in.), including the tip
Arrows and bolts Arrows and bolts must have a cutting diameter of at least 22 mm (7/8 in.)
Arrows and bolts must have a cutting diameter of at least 22 mm (7/8 in.)

Wild turkey

Hunting implement Wild turkey
Rifles None
Shotguns 10, 12, 16 or 20-gauge shotguns: No. 4, 5 or 6 shot cartridges Note E
Black powder and modern powder firearm Muzzle-loading and breech-loading firearms, without a casing, used with No. 4, 5 or 6 shot Note E
Bows All
Crossbows Note C All
Arrows and bolts Arrows and bolts with a cutting diameter of at least 22 mm (7/8 in.)

Small game

Hunting implement Small game 

Small game (except coyotes, wolves, marmots, red fox, migratory birds)
Coyotes, wolves, marmots, red fox Migratory birds
Rifles Rifles with rimfire cartridges

All None
Shotguns Shotguns: cartridges with pellets 5.6 mm Note D or less in diameter All 10-gauge shotguns or smaller: non-toxic shot (pellets or buckshot) - no more than three cartridges in the weapon
Air RIFLES .177 or greater calibre air rifles with a velocity of at least 152.4 m per second (500 feet per second) None None
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Page 2
Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules
Black powder and modern powder firearm
Muzzle-loading or breech-loading shotguns or rifles, without a casing, used with shot less than 5.6 mm Note D in diameter for shotguns and with shot equal to or less than 9.14 mm in diameter for rifles

All 10-gauge shotguns or smaller: non-toxic shot (pellets or buckshot)

Bows All All All
Crossbows
Note C
All All None
Arrows and bolts All All All
Note A : When white-tailed deer and black bear are hunted during the period reserved for muzzle-loading firearms, crossbows and bows, the expression muzzle-loading firearm refers to single-barrel muzzle-loading shotguns and muzzle-loading rifles of a calibre equal to or greater than 11 mm (.45), used with only one bullet at a time. The same is true of muzzle-loading firearms used during the white-tailed deer hunting period with shotguns in Area 7. 
Note B : When moose is hunted during the period reserved for muzzle-loading firearms, crossbows and bows, the expression muzzle-loading firearm refers to single-barrel muzzle-loading shotguns and muzzle-loading rifles of a calibre equal to or greater than 12.7 mm (.50), used with only one bullet at a time. This hunting period only exists in Areas 1 and 2, the eastern part of Area 10 in the Zec Dumoine, the Zec Kipawa, the Zec Maganasipi and the Zec Restigo. 
Note C : The use of crossbow is prohibited for hunting in Areas 17, 22, 23 and 24.
Note D : 4 Buck, F or AAA or smaller shotgun shells are permitted to hunt small game. 
Note E : 10, 12, 16 or 20-gauge shotguns using shotgun shells between 2.60 mm and 3.40 mm in diameter, muzzle-loading or breech-loading rifles and shotguns using shot between 2.60 mm and 3.40 mm in diameter are also permitted. No. 4, 5 or 6 cartridges are permitted, as are crossbows and bows and bolts and arrows with a cutting diameter of at least 22 mm (7/8 in.). 
Note F : Laser-guided sights are permitted for hunting.
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