MFFP - Sport Hunting - Main rules 2020-2022 - Accidental killing
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Accidental killing

holding the appropriate licence. This also applies to an animal whose killing is prohibited during the period in question or that was killed using an unauthorized hunting implement.

The Department wishes to emphasize that it is the hunter's responsibility to properly identify the animal that he is shooting and to ensure that members of a given hunting expedition or a member of a group of moose hunters can communicate with each other when one of them shoots an animal. A hunted animal may not be deemed to be killed accidentally as a result of mistaken identification or the erroneous interpretation of a situation, for example, killing a female moose or an antlerless white-tailed deer under the pretext that the hunter thought it was a male moose or moose calf, or the killing of more animals than the permissible limit during a hunting expedition (see the section entitled "Killing big game by mistake").

Anyone who finds or accidentally captures an animal must immediately release the animal if it is alive and unhathe following species: muskox, wolverine, caribou, white-tailed deer, cougar, coyote, wild turkey, Canada lynx, bobcat, North American opossum, moose, polar bear, black bear, grey fox and birds of prey and the animal is injured or dead.

Moreover, it is prohibited to possess a migratory bird covered by the Migratory Birds Convention Act of 1994 unless the individual holds a licence issued for this purpose. To obtain additional information on migratory birds, please contact the Environment and Climate Change Canada at 1 800 668-6767.