MFFP-Sport Hunting - Main rules 2018-2020- Answers to my questions
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Sport Hunting in Québec
Main Rules April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2020
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Licences and certificate: answers to my questions

What conditions govern hunting?

You must hold a hunting licence to hunt in Québec. To obtain a licence to hunt with a firearm, crossbow or bow, a resident must hold the hunter's certificate corresponding to the hunting implement used, except for an initiation licence.

It should be noted that the information that appears on the back of the certificates was modified in 2007. Accordingly, code "F" no longer allows hunting with a crossbow; code "A" or code "B" is compulsory to hunt with this arm.

How to obtain a hunter's certificate?

To obtain a hunter's certificate, any Québec resident must be at least 12 years of age, have received the appropriate training for the hunting arm that he plans to use, i.e. a firearm (code "F"), a crossbow (code "B") or a crossbow and a bow (code "A"), and have passed the requisite examinations.
The courses required to obtain a certificate can be taken at any time of the year, except starting the fourth weekend in September until the second weekend in November. To obtain additional information on the courses, please contact a regional office of the Department or the Fédération québécoise des chasseurs et pêcheurs, by telephone at 1 888 523-2863 or by email (info@fedecp.qc.ca) or through one of its affiliated associations.

Hunting licence

In order to hunt, a young person or adult must hold the appropriate hunting licence and carry it with him. A young person or a student may, however, hunt by virtue of an adult's licence (see the section entitled "Notion of family, age required to hunt and initiation licence on page 8"). To obtain a hunting licence for residents, you must reside in Québec within the meaning of the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife (chapter C-61.1) and hold a valid hunter's certificate on which the code corresponds to the type of hunting implement that you intend to use, i.e. code "F" for a firearm, code "B" for a crossbow, and code "A" for a crossbow and a bow (see the exception to this rule in the section entitled "Initiation licence"). It is not necessary to hold a hunter's certificate to obtain a licence to snare snowshoe hares, Arctic hares or eastern cottontail rabbits, to hunt leopard frogs, green frogs and American bullfrogs or to hunt certain species of small game with a bird of prey.

To obtain a wild turkey hunting licence for resident, you must hold an attestation issued following a course on wild turkey hunting. To obtain additional information on the course, please contact the Fédération québécoise des chasseurs et pêcheurs at 1 888 523-2863 or by email (info@fedecp.qc.ca).

To obtain a hunting licence for non-residents, the applicant must be a non-resident and at least 12 years of age.

The hunting licence is personal. Hunting licences must be signed by the person issuing them and the licence holder. The hunting licence holder must indicate his name, address and date of birth on the back of the licence when such information does not appear on the front of it or if the information is inaccurate.

At the request of a wildlife protection officer or wildlife protection assistant, anyone who is hunting must show his hunting licence.

It is prohibited to obtain the same hunting licence more than once, except under the conditions stipulated in the section entitled "Replacement of a lost, stolen or unusable licence".
A hunter may obtain more than one white-tailed deer hunting licence in Area 20 (Île d'Anticosti). There is no limit on the purchase of licences.

The holder of a resident's hunting licence must use the hunting arm that corresponds to the code on his hunter's certificate, except for the initiation licence.

Where to obtain hunting licences?

Hunting licences are sold by sales agents, usually sporting goods, hardware or convenience stores. Licences may also be sold by certain outfitters, in some controlled harvesting zones (ZECs) and in wildlife reserves. To find a sales agent in your region, please contact a regional office of the Department or consult the list on its Web site at http://www3.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/faune/permis/region.asp.

Federal hunting licences for migratory birds may be obtained via the Environment and Climate Change Canada website, at Canada Post Offices and from some independent suppliers.

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Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules

Hunting licence expiry date?

A hunting licence expires at the end of the hunting period in respect of the animal for which it was issued or when the transportation coupons have been removed or should have been removed (see the section entitled "Attaching transportation coupons and punching out the licence"). An antlerless deer hunting licence or an adult female moose hunting licence expires at the end of the hunting period in respect of the animal for which it was issued. It also expires when it is punched out or should have been or the transportation coupon has been removed from the regular licence or should have been. The small game hunting licence and the licence to hunt small game with a bird of prey expire on the expiry date indicated on the licence.

Can I replace my licence that has been lost, stolen or rendered unusable?

In the event of the loss or theft of a licence or if the licence is rendered unusable, you must, if you wish to continue to hunt, obtain a replacement licence at a nominal cost. Replacement licences are available from the licence sales agents of the Department.

The "Moose, correction of area" hunting licence may not be used to replace a moose hunting licence. It is issued solely under the conditions and in the cases stipulated.

Types of hunting licences and species concerned

Big game

The big game that may be hunted includes white-tailed deer, moose and black bear. A specific hunting licence exists for each species. More than one licence may cover a given species. The licences are indicated below.

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Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules

Wild turkey

This licence allows Wild turkey hunting is only authorized in the spring. It is permitted from one-half hour before sunrise until noon. To hunt wild turkey, the attestation confirming completion of a course on wild turkey hunting. Moreover, you must carry the licence and attestation with you. The attestation is not required for non residents.

Small game

The species of small game that may be hunted are the following birds and mammals:

Red-winged blackbird

Rock ptarmigan

Wolf

Raccoon

Sharp-tailed grouse

American crow

Willow ptarmigan

Groundhog

Red fox

Brown-headed cowbird

Coyote

Eastern cottontail

House sparrow

Patched fox

 

Common starling

Arctic hare

Grey partridge

Silver fox

 

Ruffed grouse

Snowshoe hare

Common grackle

Spruce grouse

 

The migratory birds deemed to be game pursuant to the 1994 Migratory Birds Convention Act.

Small game also includes quail, northern bobwhite, pheasant, black francolin, rock partridge, chukar partridge, red-legged partridge, rock dove, and guinea fowl, which may be kept in captivity without a licence and released in the wild.

The following licences are required to hunt small game.

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Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules

Frogs

Only leopard frogs, green frogs and American bullfrogs may be hunted. A frog hunting licence is required to hunt frogs but the hunter's certificate is not required obtain the licence. Only residents may possess the licence.

Species protected at all times

It is prohibited to hunt species in respect of which licences are not issued and periods or means of hunting are not determined, in particular birds of prey and reptiles (snakes and turtles).

Come hunt with me!

The advent of the hunting season means setting off in the woods to engage in your favourite leisure activity and experience nature. Why not take advantage of this period of relaxation to invite your children, spouse, friends, a brother-in-law or sister-in-law to learn about hunting?

In this way, you can transmit your know-how, develop a new closeness with these individuals, experience unforgettable moments in nature and enjoy the pleasure of savouring together the products of your hunting. This is an ideal opportunity to draw closer to them and encourage them to enjoy with you from year to year this experience and become seasoned hunters. Since the Department, like you, wants to prepare the next generation of hunters in Québec, it has adopted three regulatory measures to make hunting more accessible:

  1. an initiation licence for adults and young people who do not possess a hunter's certificate (of the claims);
  2. the broadening of the notion of family to include students between 18 and 24 years of age;
  3. the application to big game hunting of rules related to the family in respect of young people and students between 18 and 24 years of age.

To obtain information? 
Toll-free telephone

  • On the initiation licence: 1 866 4CHASSE (1 866 424-2773)
  • On the notion of family: 1 877 346-6763

Area licence to hunt moose

The moose hunting licence, which is usually valid for a single area, is also valid for all wildlife reserves, outfitting operations with exclusive rights (see the section entitled "Outfitting operations") and controlled harvesting zones (ZECs) in which such hunting is subject to quotas. At the present time, access is limited only in the Baillargeon ZEC (Area 1).

Before he signs his licence, the hunter is responsible for ensuring that the area number that he chose and the date of purchase are correctly recorded. Restrictions apply in most areas concerning the use of a licence according to the date of its purchase (see the table below).

An individual may purchase a licence at any time or use a valid licence purchased after the deadline for participating in hunting subject to quotas in a wildlife reserve, an outfitting operation with exclusive hunting rights or in a sector subject to quotas in a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC). The individual may write the area number of his choice on the licence. After he has hunted in this type of territory, the licence holder may, if he has not bagged any game, continue to hunt in the area indicated on his licence.

However, a resident or non-resident who uses the services of an outfitter without exclusive hunting rights may purchase a licence at any time or use a valid licence purchased after the deadline. On the other hand, the hunting area indicated on his or her licence must correspond to the area in which the outfitter without exclusive rights may offer its services. After hunting in this type of territory, a person who purchased his or her licence after the deadline may not continue to hunt in the area indicated on the permit, even if he or she has not bagged any game, unless the hunt in which he or she takes part is subject to a quota and takes place in a wildlife reserve, in the area in which an outfitter with exclusive rights may offer its services, or in a limited access area of a ZEC.

When the area number recorded on a regular moose hunting licence is incorrect, the licence holder may obtain a "Moose, correction of area" hunting licence, issued once a year, provided that he satisfies the following conditions:

  1. if he possesses a hunter's certificate bearing code "F", the date of issue of the incorrect licence must neither have authorized its holder to hunt moose during the firearm hunting period nor the muzzle-loading firearm hunting period in the wrong area;
  2. if he possesses a hunter's certificate bearing code "A" or is a resident who possesses an initiation licence for moose, the date of issue of the incorrect licence must not have authorized him to hunt moose during any hunting period in the wrong area;
  3. if he possesses a hunter's certificate bearing the code "B", the date of issue of the incorrect licence must not have authorized him to hunt moose during either the crossbow and bow hunting period or during the firearm hunting period or the muzzle-loading firearm hunting period in the wrong area;
  4. in the case of a non-resident, the date of issue of the incorrect licence must not have authorized him to hunt moose during any hunting period in the wrong area.

If a "Moose, correction of area" hunting licence is requested for an area or part of an area in which the period for hunting moose with firearms is open, the licence may only be used if the date of issue of the incorrect licence is prior to the date of opening of the hunting period in the area in respect of which the "Moose, correction of area" hunting licence has been requested.

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Sport hunting in Québec 2018-2020 - Main rules

To obtain a "Moose, correction of area" hunting licence, the holder of a regular moose hunting licence must not have used the licence to participate in a hunting activity in a wildlife reserve, in an outfitting operation with exclusive rights or in a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) to which access is subject to quotas. Moreover, when the holder of such a licence on which the area is incorrect also possesses an authorization for a person with a disability that allows him to hunt with a crossbow during a bow hunting period in the wrong area, the holder is deemed to have been authorized to hunt during the bow hunting period in this area.

Deadlines for obtaining a moose hunting licence Note 1

For the areas mentioned below, a resident or a non-resident must purchase his licence before midnight on the date indicated if he wishes to use it during the firearm hunting period.

Zones
Last day of purchase
2018
2019
1 Note 2 2 Note 2
October 12
October 18

3 and 4

October 12
October 11
The western part of Area 10 (Area 10 licence) and western part of Area 11 (Area 11 licence), 12, 13Note 3, 15, 26, 27
October 5
October 11
17
September 28
October 4
14, 16, 18, 28
September 21
September 27
The southern part of Area 19, 22 and 29
September 14
September 20
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, the eastern part of Area 10 (Area 10 licence), the eastern part of Area 11 (Area 11 licence) and Area 20
No deadline
No deadline
Note 1 : A licence may be purchased at any time to participate in hunting subject to quotas in a wildlife reserve, an outfitting operation with exclusive hunting rights and in an outfitting operation without exclusive rights (see the section entitled Outfitter establishments) or, as the case may be, in a sector subject to quotas in a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC). Currently, only Zec Baillargeon is in a controlled harvesting zone. 
Note 2 : For the muzzle-loading firearm hunting period in Area 1 and Area 2, the deadline does not apply. 
Note 3 : For the muzzle-loading firearm hunting period in the Zec Dumoine, the Zec Kipawa, the Zec Maganasipi or the Zec Restigo (Area 13 licence), the deadline does not apply.