Specific rules applicable to non-residents
A non-resident is not obliged to possess a hunter's certificate to obtain a hunting licence or an attestation to hunt wild turkey. He may hunt indiscriminately with a firearm, a crossbow or a bow the species deemed to be game. However, he must use the hunting implements authorized for each of the species according to the hunting periods in force.
A non-resident is subject to certain restrictions concerning the purchase of hunting licences and access to certain territories or hunting areas according to the game hunted. The restrictions are indicated below.
Sport hunting in Québec 2020-2022 - Main rules
- All species: A non-resident who wishes to hunt north of the 52nd parallel or east of the Rivière Saint-Augustin in the southern part of Area 19 must use the services of an outfitter, although these services need not necessarily include lodging.
- Moose: A non-resident is subject to the measure that applies to the area licence He is also subject, in the same way as a resident, to the rule whereby he must purchase his licence before midnight on the date indicated if he wishes to use it during the firearm hunting period. Furthermore, he is not permitted to hold a female moose hunting licence (random draw).
In order to hunt moose south of the 52nd parallel, the non-resident must use at least two services offered by an outfitter, including lodging, or hunting in a controlled harvesting zone (zec) or in a wildlife reserve, except in the following cases:
- he is a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or the Canadian Armed Forces and performs his duties in Québec or lived in Québec immediately before establishing his residence outside Québec for the performance of his duties;
- he is a member of a diplomatic mission or consular post established in Québec, including as a member of the service personnel;
- he is accompanied by a member of his immediate family who is a resident who holds a valid or expired moose hunting licence, provided, in the latter case, that it was issued between April 1 and March 31 of the current year. Members of the holder's immediate family are his grandparents, parents, brothers, sisters, spouse, children and grandchildren, and the children and grandchildren of his spouse;
- he or she is accompanied by a resident who holds a valid or expired moose hunting licence issued between April 1 and March 31 of the current year. For the purposes of this provision, the resident may accompany only one non-resident per year;
- he or she, or a member of his or her immediate family, owns a land that is enterend on the assessment roll of a municipality in Québec and hunts moose within the boundaries of this land.
Important note: Only a non-resident who owns private land, or a non-resident who is a member of the immediate family of a person who owns private land, may hunt moose on that land without using the services of an outfitter, a ZEC or a wildlife reserve, unless he or she satisfies one of the exemptions listed in paragraphs 1 to 4 above. A non-resident hunter who owns a cottage or vacation camp located on land in the domain of the State that he or she leases (public land lease) is still subject to the obligation, unless he or she satisfies one of the exemptions listed in paragraphs 1 to 4 above.
- White-tailed deer: A non-resident may neither hold an antlerless deer hunting licence (random draw) nor an antlerless deer hunting licence (1st killing, random draw).
- Black Bear and American woodcock: A non-resident must use at least two services offered by an outfitting operation, including accommodation, unless he hunts the species in a wildlife reserve or a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC). What is more, if he hunts black bear in an outfitting operation without exclusive rights in Area 13 and Area 16, he must, in addition to his regular black bear hunting licence, hold a special licence issued by the operator of the outfitting operation.
- Wild turkey: A non-resident may hunt wild turkey without holding the attestation required of resident hunters.
- Small game: A non-resident may hunt species deemed to be small game. However, he is not permitted to obtain a licence to hunt frogs or to snare hares and Eastern cottontail rabbits.
In addition to abiding by the provisions stipulated in the section entitled "Transportation, registration and export", a non-resident must register the big game animal at a registration station before he leaves Québec.
A punched transportation coupon serves as authorization to transport outside Québec a white-tailed deer, a moose or a black bear, or part of such an animal, including the fur or part of the fur.
A non-resident may, without possessing a dealer's licence or a tanner's licence or an export form, export outside Québec raw fur from the product of his own hunting activities. However, if he wishes to sell or tan such fur, he must obtain a licence issued for this purpose in the case of the product of his own hunting activities.
When a non-resident between 12 years and up to and including 15 years of age hunts with a crossbow or a bow, he must be accompanied by a person at least 18 years of age who holds a valid or expired non-resident's hunting licence that was issued between April 1 and March 31 or the hunter's certificate appropriate to the type of hunting implement (see also the section entitled "Notion of family, age required to hunt and initiation licence").
When a non-resident between 12 years and up to and including 17 years of age hunts with a firearm, he must be accompanied by a person at least 18 years of age who holds a valid or expired non-resident's hunting licence that was issued between April 1 and March 31 or the hunter's certificate appropriate to the type of hunting implement (see also the section entitled "Notion of family, age required to hunt and initiation licence").
Lastly, black bear and wolf are covered by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). For this reason, when they are exported outside Canada, the animals and the parts thereof and products derived therefrom must be accompanied by a CITES export permit for entry to be permitted to the importing country.
The permit can be obtained from:
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3
Telephone: 819 997-1840 or 1 800 686-6767;
Fax: 819 953-6283;
However, a resident of Canada or the United States who personally exports from Canada or imports into Canada in his personal luggage a black bear or a part thereof that is the product of his own hunting activities, provided that the bear or part thereof is fresh, frozen or salted, does not require a CITES export permit. If the bear or a part thereof is stuffed, dressed or otherwise preserved, or if it is transported by a person other than the hunter who killed it, a CITES export permit is required.
Lastly, a non-resident must declare his hunting weapon when he goes through Canadian customs (see the section entitled "Federal legislation governing firearms and hunters").