In Québec, hunting occurs both on lands in the domain of the State and on lands in the private domain. Special wildlife management provisions apply to certain portions of such lands.
Private lands and wildland urban interface
Private lands covered by a hunting accessibility agreement
Migratory bird sanctuaries and National Wildlife Area
The Nord-du-Québec region
Territories where hunting is prohibited
Territories where hunting is restricted
Anyone who wishes to hunt on private property must obtain the owner's permission to do so. Moreover, in the wildland urban interface, the hunter must take into account the presence of other individuals when hunting.
Certain landowners in the Bas-Saint-Laurent, Centre-du-Québec, Chaudière-Appalaches, Estrie and Montérégie regions have concluded an agreement with the Department for the purpose of managing wildlife and access to it by hunters. On such lands, the Department brings proceedings against individuals who hunt without the landowner's authorization. The same is true of hunting on land covered by an agreement concluded between a landowner and an association or a body whose objective is to facilitate access by hunters to private lands, and is recognized as such by the Department, for the purposes of wildlife accessibility. To obtain additional information, please contact the regional office concerned.
A controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) is a hunting and fishing ground whose management is delegated to a non-profit organization that individuals can join by becoming a member of it. To hunt there, you must register and abide by the dates, times and sites or sectors indicated in the registration document. You must carry with you the registration document and show it, upon request, to a wildlife protection officer, a wildlife protection assistant or an area warden. The document may also be placed in view on the vehicle dashboard. Lastly, you must return the document when you leave the territory and declare all of the game killed. To obtain additional information, please contact the organization that manages the controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) that you wish to visit.
The managing organization of a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) may, in a hunting sector, prohibit small game hunting (except migratory birds) using a firearm, a crossbow or a bow during the moose hunting period and prohibit black bear hunting during a part of the season or during all of the season stipulated in the area in which the ZEC is located. Furthermore, the use of an all-terrain vehicle for recreational purposes may be prohibited there during a moose or white-tailed deer hunting period, except when the vehicle is used to haul the carcass of such an animal. To obtain additional information, please contact Zecs Québec at 1 866 567-0235. You can also contact the organization that manages the ZEC that you wish to visit.
Outfitting operations are private enterprises that offer accommodation and services or equipment for recreational hunting activities. Some operations possess exclusive hunting rights in determined territories. You must then obtain permission from the outfitter to hunt there. The Seigneurie Mitis (eastern part of Area 2), the Seigneurie Nicolas-Rioux (western part of Area 2) and the Seigneurie Kenauk Nature X (eastern part of Area 10) usually benefit from regulatory provisions that apply to outfitting operations with exclusive rights. To obtain additional information, please contact the Fédération des pourvoiries du Québec at 1 800 567-9009. You can also contact the outfitting operation that you wish to visit.
To hunt in a wildlife reserve, you must usually make a reservation. You must also obtain a right of access and abide by the dates, times and sites mentioned on it. You must carry with you the right of access and show it, upon request, to a wildlife protection officer, a wildlife protection assistant or an area warden. The document may also be placed in clear view on the vehicle dashboard. Upon leaving the reserve, the hunter must report on his hunting and indicate the game killed, as the case may be. To carry hunting implements in this type of territory, the hunter must hold a right of access that authorizes him to hunt there.
When a right of access is required and there is no agent to issue it, everyone must fill out the form available at the reception centre of the wildlife reserve and deposit in the appropriate place accompanied by the access fee set by regulation. In this instance, the completed form takes the place of the right of access.
When accommodation is not available in a cabin, a right of access to hunt small game or snare hares in a wildlife reserve authorizes a child under 18 years of age accompanied by the holder of parental authority to hunt.
To hunt an animal other than a black bear in a sector access to which is subject to quotas in a wildlife reserve, an individual must be a resident and have been selected by random draw. If places remain after the random draw, anyone, whether a resident or a non-resident, may hunt there once he makes a reservation. Anyone may also hunt there if he is accompanying a person selected by random draw or who made a reservation. To hunt black bear in a sector access to which is subject to quotas, everyone must make a reservation.
Some wildlife reserves offer sectors in which hunting is subject to quotas exclusively for bow or crossbow hunting. It is prohibited to carry a firearm in these sectors and bowhunters and crossbowmen are not obliged to wear a fluorescent orange garment to hunt the permitted species. A wildlife reserve may also reserve sectors in which hunting is not subject to quotas exclusively for bow or crossbow hunting.
To obtain additional information, please contact the Société des établissements de plein air du Québec (Sépaq), which manages the activities of most wildlife reserves, at 418 890-6527 or 1- 800 665-6527.
To contact the Réserve faunique Duchénier, please call 418 735-5222 or visit the reserve's website (www.reserve-duchenier.com). To contact the Réserve faunique de Dunière, please call 418 756-6174 or 1 888 730-6174 (toll free).
The conditions governing the use of resources in a wildlife sanctuary are established with a view to preserving wildlife habitat or the habitat of a wildlife species. In this type of territory, hunting may be regulated in a specific manner:
A nature reserve is a private property protected by a conservation agreement concluded between a landowner and the Québec Minister of Développement durable, Environnement et Changements climatiques (MDDELCC). Its recognition is intended to guarantee the maintenance of natural characteristics that justify the interest in preserving the property. The reserve is regulated by provisions in the Natural Heritage Conservation Act.
In a nature reserve, wildlife harvesting activities may be subject to more restrictive measures than those stipulated in provincial regulations. Before you travel on this private property, you must obtain the owner's permission and find out about the specific measures in force. To obtain additional information, please contact the MDDELCC at
The Environment and Climate Change Canada manages migratory bird sanctuaries and National Wildlife Areas. Hunting and the possession of certain hunting implements are permitted there under certain conditions. To obtain additional information, please contact the Canadian Wildlife Service at 1 800-463-4311.
Hunters in Areas 17, 22, 23 and 24 must comply with the Act respecting hunting and fishing rights in the James Bay and New Québec territories. The territories are subdivided into three categories. To hunt on Category I and Category II lands, you must obtain, in addition to the requisite hunting licence, an authorization from the Cree, Inuit or Naskapi authorities concerned.
In these areas, only hunting with firearms and bows is permitted. Crossbow hunting and hunting using a bird of prey are, therefore, prohibited.
Hunting is prohibited in the northern part of Area 19, in a national park (provincial or federal), a forest station or an ecological reserve. Hunting is also prohibited in the Réserve faunique Assinica and the Réserve faunique des Lacs-Albanel-Mistassini-et-Waconichi (Area 22) and in the following game reserves: Le sanctuaire de la Grosse-Île (Area 3) and Le sanctuaire de chasse du parc de la Gatineau (Area 10).
Furthermore, hunting is not authorized in the following territories:
Hunting is more restricted at the following five locations than in the area in which the territories are located: