MFFP - Trapping in Québec - Trapping devices
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Trapping in Québec
Main regulations - Season 2018-2020
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Trapping in Québec - Main regulations

Trapping devices

The use of the various trapping devices is regulated with a view to ensuring that animals are killed quickly or are held in a manner that prevents them from causing themselves needless injury.

This table indicates the type of device authorized for each species or group of species. In addition to these devices, trappers may use bait or lures, with the exception of live animals or any other mechanical or electronic means likely to call an animal.

Devices

Beaver

River otter

Muskrat

Mink

Black bear

Other species (Note1)

Marten, Fisher, Raccoon

Coyote, Wolf

Canada Lynx, Bobcat

Arctic fox (white or blue), Red fox (silver, cross or red)

Killing (spring-loaded) trap

Authorized if certified

Authorized if certified

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Prohibited

Authorized
(Weasel and Emine authorized if certified)

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Killing neck snare equipped with a locking device
(on land)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized only during fall

Authorized

Authorized

Authorized

Authorized

Authorized

Live capture (spring-loaded) leg- hold trap (land model)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited (autorized for raccoon if certified)

Prohibited

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Live capture (spring-loaded) leg-hold trap with adapted jaws
(on land)

(Note 2)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Live capture foot snare equipped with a locking device
(on land)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Drowning system set to restrain the animal with a (spring-loaded) leg-hold trap

Authorized

Authorized

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Drowning system set to restrain the animal with a (spring-loaded) leg-hold trap and a mechanism to prevent self-mutilation
(ex, stoploss)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized

Authorized

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Drowning system set to restrain the animal with a snare equipped with a locking device

Authorized

Authorized

Authorized if certified

Authorized

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Killing submarine trap
(Note 3)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Authorized when indicated

Authorized when indicated

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Live capture cage (Note 4)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited (authorized for striped skunk - see note 4)

Prohibited (authorized for raccoon - see note 4)

Prohibited

Prohibited

Prohibited

Note 1 : Other species: Long-tailed weasel, least weasel, grey squirrel (grey or black), American red squirrel, ermine, striped skunk.

Note 2  : Spring-loaded leg-hold trap designed to hold an animal alive permanently; this trap is equipped with two parallel jaws having a thickness of at least 9 millimetres (metal laminated) or not touching one another over their entire length when closed (offset) or not having a metal surface in contact with the animal (padded or non metallic).

Note 3 : Cage with a trap door at each end and which may be equipped with a lead and is intended to be submerged by at least 2.5 cm of water; the length of the cage may not exceed 92 cm. The diameter of a round cage may not exceed 35 cm; for any other shape, the length of the sides may not exceed 20,5 cm. The openings in the wire mesh may not be less than 2.5 cm in diameter when round; openings of any other shape may not have an interior diagonal measurement of less than 3.6 cm.

Note 4  : Live capture trap for skunks and raccoons by means of a cage whose length is no more than 122 cm and whose width is no more than 46 cm.

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Trapping in Québec - Main regulations