The Parks Act
The Parks Act (Chapter P-9), adopted in 1977, governs the establishment and administration of parks as well as the adoption of related regulations. It prohibits all forms of prospecting, and any utilization, harvesting or harnessing of resources related to logging, mining or the production of energy, as well as the laying of oil or gas pipelines or power lines (not including electric power production equipment and facilities, energy and communication transmission equipment, and control and transformer stations existing prior to creation of the park, which are to be maintained). Hunting and trapping of every kind are also prohibited in a park.
In 2001, the gouvernement du Québec made significant modifications to the Parks Act to reinforce its mission to preserve these areas. As a result, the “recreation” and “conservation” classifications were abolished so that all Québec national parks share the same objectives, as highlighted in the definition below:
“Park” means a national park whose primary purpose is to ensure the conservation and permanent protection of areas representative of the natural regions of Québec and of natural sites with outstanding features, in particular because of their biological diversity, while providing the public with access to those areas or sites for educational or extensive recreation purposes.
Any efforts made to develop and manage Québec’s national parks must therefore focus primarily on preservation.